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Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society

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Research Paper Topics: Art Education - Dec 06,  · Ethnography, descriptive study of a particular human society or the process of making such a study. Contemporary ethnography is based almost entirely on fieldwork and requires the complete immersion of the anthropologist in the culture and everyday life of the people who are the subject of his study. Ethnography is a qualitative research method which involves a detailed study of a particular cultural group. The word ethnography comes from Greek words Ethnos meaning people and Graphein meaning writing. That is why Ethnography is also known as "culture writing". Ethnography can be considered a fundamental methodology of the social sciences. Over the past century, ethnographic methodology has led to the discovery of some of the most valuable concepts, theory and data produced in the social sciences. Pet News - Pet Blogs

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Save and Load from XML - Unify Community Wiki - Nov 06,  · Ethnography is the description of cultures and the groups of people who live within them. It can be useful in personal adaptation, personal success, and to Author: Melanie Shebel. Apr 22,  · Ethnography is defined as both a social science research method and its final written product. As a method, ethnographic observation involves embedding oneself deeply and over the long-term in a field site of study in order to systemically document the everyday lives, behaviors, and interactions of a community of people. Widely used in studies to gain understanding of people, cultures and subcultures, ethnography has been used in many diverse areas, from homeless people to . Write my Dissertation for me

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The Gap (Gap Inc.), an international retailer company Essay - tempting parallel with imaginative writing; and, finally, whether ethnography should have, or can avoid having, political or practical commitments of some kind, beyond its aim of producing value-relevant knowledge. In this article I want to review some aspects of the current state of ethnography, focusing on areas of tension and conflict. Jul 31,  · Ethnography mainly aims at describing, in written form, those things being studied (Heider 20). In the book ‘Mad Dogs, Englishmen, and the Errant Anthropologist (fieldwork in Malaysia)’, Douglas Raybeck the ethnographer had to learn the culture of the society. We will write a custom Essay on Ethnography Reflection specifically for you. Dec 11,  · The origin of ethnography in health research dates back to the development of a branch of anthropology known as medical anthropology. “Medical anthropology concerns its self with a wide variety of health-related issues, including the etiology of disease, the preventive measures that human members of sociocultural systems have constructed or devised to . Write my Dissertation for me

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The (Almost) Fantasy of Solar-Powered RV Air Conditioning - the value of symbolic interactionist ethnography can be realized through achieving congruence and trustworthiness in the resear ch process. This paper will proceed as follows. We begin by highlighting the strengths of this approach and its potential for enriching IS research. We then show how symboli c. Ethnography is a type of qualitative research design aimed at studying cultures and groups from a unique perspective - that of the subject. The word ethnographies literally means 'writing about. Ethnography, Observational Research, and Narrative Inquiry. The researcher's job, rather than to describe a stable entity, is to give continually updated accounts of observations on multiple levels of group interactions that occur on both a . An Introduction to the Aboriginal Concept of Land Ownership

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Helping Students Excel Academically and Socially in Middle School - Wolcott () defines ethnography is a description of “the customary social behaviors of an identifiable group of people”. Ethnography is often referred to as “culture writing,” and it refers to a type of documentation often employed by Anthropologists in their field work. 2. society offers rewards for adherence to its culturally prescribed standards 3. to ensure survival of the group, each person must learn to postpone certain immediate personal satisfactions 4. needs of the individual cannot be overlooked entirely or . Ethnography as a Methodology and Its Application to the Study of Schooling: A Review, Kathleen WILCOX, 3). On Ethnographic Intent, Harry F. WOLCOTT, 4). School Ethnography: A Multilevel Approach, John U. OGBU, 5). What is Ethnography? Dell HYMES, 6). Second part: Ethnographic cases. What is 7.9 as a Percentage? - Decimal to Percent

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ohm s law lab report answers to riddles - An ethnography is a specific kind of written observational science which provides an account of a particular culture, society, or community. The fieldwork usually involves spending a year or more in another society, living with the local people and learning about their ways of life. Ethnographers are participant observers. [The] immortal ordinary society is only discoverable. It is not imaginable. (Garfinkel 7- 8) In this chapter we attempt to describe ethnography, its evolution, and how it has been used in human computer interaction as work and not as the manifestation of some grander speculative theory. Definition of Ethnography (noun) A qualitative research method in which a researcher observes a social setting to provide descriptions of a group, society, or organization. Asthma and Polluted Air

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College recommendation letter? - An ethnography is a specific kind of written observational science which provides an account of a particular culture, society, or community. The fieldwork usually involves spending a year or more in another society, living with the local people and learning about their ways of life. Jul 01,  · This paper reflects upon the emerging uses of ethnography in engineering and systems design. Although ethnography is often equated simply with fieldwork, a driving force in the early development of classical ethnography was to provide accounts for what is observed in terms of a priori anthropological and sociological theories. Recent studies of collaborative work . It has been maintained that in order to adequately describe any society in terms of the new ethnography, new etic grids for all cultural domains must be constructed out of the sum total of system-specific discriminations from a range of cultural systems in . phd thesis english language teaching

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Timothy Findley Shows the Effects of War in the Book the Wars and Stones - It is a research method that is used by sociologists often when studying groups, organizations, and communities that are a part of a larger complex society, such as religious cults, ethnic neighborhoods, or urban 190tolstoyru.somee.comionally, ethnographies have focused in depth on a bounded and definable group of people; such as the Nuer, or a particular North Indian village. Ethnography is a term that often is employed to describe both a recognizable literary genre within the social sciences (writings that attempt to holistically capture people’s cultural beliefs/practices) and a brand of qualitative fieldwork that produces such social scientific accounts (the collecting of sociocultural data based on long-term, face-to-face interactions). munity, its traditions, and events. These accounts usually aim to represent the community from inside, through the eyes of its participants. Participant observation refers to the observational component of ethnographic work, but the two terms generally describe the same process of an in-depth qualitative study. A Discussion on the Beginning of Law Schools and the Study of Law in United States

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semiologia cardiaca pediatria ppt presentation - Poland: Its People, its Society, its Culture. CLIFFORD R. BARNETT with others. (Survey of World Cultures.) New Haven: HRAF Press, pp., 30 tables. $ Reviewed by KONSTANT~N SYMMONS, Wilkes College This new volume in the HRAF series is focused on the present situation in Poland rather than on its history and culture. Oct 01,  · By turns we outline the ‘turn to the social’, which occasioned ethnography’s initial involvement and its ongoing use in design, and the foundational nature of ‘studies of work’ that. The discipline [ethnography] is akin to linguistics ; indeed, descriptive linguistics is but a special case of ethnography since its domain of study, speech messages, is an integral part of a larger domain of socially interpretable acts and artifacts. It is this total domain of "messages" (including speech) that is the concern of the ethnographer. Create a Safe Assignment inside BB

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Korean Letters: The Hangul Alphabet and Syllable Block System - Second, critical ethnography is a term used to describe an approach to ethnography that attempts to link the detailed analysis of ethnography to wider social structures. There are, broadly speaking, three ways in which this is done: contexualisation; structural analysis; dialectical analysis. See the entry critical ethnography for details. May 10,  · Ethnography is the in-depth study of a culture or a facet of a culture. Because of this, ethnographic research often looks very different compared with other research designs. There are a couple of aspects of ethnography that differentiate it from research approaches like phenomenology and case studies. The practices of describing the cultures we live in have entered the modern scientific age. But now, at the turn of the twentieth century, ethnography may be taking a new twist in its fortunes, maybe even returning to its more pervasive ‘folk’ roots. For ethnography escapes the formally academic to enter the common parlance of everyday folk. Rutgers admission essay diversity

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western civilization history research - Dec 01,  · Ethnographic research also provides some of the most promising avenues for moving beyond the entrenched positions outlined above. The papers in this special issue explore the potential for ethnography to contribute to an understanding of GMH principles, initiatives, strategies, and governance, both practically and conceptually. Ethnographic research is also done in an attempt to discover patterns in human behavior. Those engaging in ethnographic research are looking at society and cultures as integrated systems with interrelationships existing between communities and structures within and around them. In doing research that is detailed, descriptive and interpretive. May 27,  · Conversations on ethnography and theology were particularly significant in the Society of Christian Ethics from to Those conversations eventually led to the first major attempt to articulate the relationship between the two, published as Ethnography as Christian Theology and Ethics. Writing Term Papers for Money: It

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CRIME THREAT SYNOPSIS Essay - Oct 06,  · Approaches to interpreting folklore 1. Approaches to Interpreting Folklore 2. Functionalism • Folklore communicates: it is an ongoing process of expressing information and beliefs within folk groups. why and how it is important to the people sharing it • One of the ways folklorists consider meaning is to examine the way folklore functions in the community. It is a . linguist, seeks to describe an infinite set of variable messages as manifestations of a finite shared code, the code being a set of rules for the socially appropriate construction and interpretation of messages. Accounting for socially meaningful behavior within a given society is not the sole aim of ethnography. Dec 17,  · How are anthropologists and other ethnographers to study the seemingly ephemeral and slippery category of affect? This was the question taken up by the three presenters and three discussants at a panel at the annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association entitled "Researching Affect/Affecting Research: Empathy and . APDT - Socialization

As a form of inquiry, ethnography relies heavily on participant observation —on the researcher participating in the setting or with the Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society being studied, at least in some marginal role, and seeking to document, in detail, patterns of social interaction and the perspectives of participants, and to understand these in their local contexts. It had its Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society in social and cultural anthropology in the early twentieth century, but spread to other social science disciplines, notably sociology, during the course of that century. Ethnographers mainly use qualitative methods, though they may also employ quantitative data.

The typical ethnography is a holistic study [4] [5] mild background music for ppt presentation so includes a brief history, and an analysis of the terrainthe climateand the habitat. A wide range of group and organisation have been studied by this method, including traditional communities, youth gangsreligious cultsand organisations of various kinds. While, traditionally, ethnography has relied on the physical Labor Relations essay writer of the researcher in a setting, there is research using the label that has relied on interviews or documents, sometimes to investigate events in the Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society such as the NASA Challenger disaster.

Thilo in Herodotusknown Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society the Father of History, had significant works on the cultures of various peoples beyond the Hellenic realm such as Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society Scythianswhich earned him the title "philobarbarian", and may be said to have produced A Description of Hurricanes Which are Formed By Counterclockwise Winds first works of ethnography. Digital ethnography is also seen as virtual ethnography.

This type of ethnography is not so typical as ethnography recorded by pen and pencil. Digital ethnography allows for a lot more opportunities to look at different cultures and societies. Traditional ethnography may use videos or images, but digital ethnography goes more in-depth. For example, digital ethnographers would use social media platforms such as Buy single sheets resume paper or blogs so that Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society interactions and Airport Designers essay writers service can be studied.

Modern developments in computing power and AI have enabled higher efficiencies in Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society data collection via multimedia and computational analysis using machine learning to corroborate many data sources together to produce a refined output for various purposes. Most ethnographies take place in specific Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society where the observer can observe specific instances that relate to the topic involved.

Relational Ethnography articulates studying fields rather Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society places or processes rather than processed people. Meaning that relational ethnography doesn't take an object nor a bounded group that is defined by its members shared social features nor a specific location that is delimited by the boundaries of a particular area. But rather the processes Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society configurations of relations among different agents or institutions. According to Dewanthe researcher is not looking for generalizing the findings; rather, they are considering it in reference to the context of the situation.

In this regard, the best way to integrate ethnography in a quantitative research would be to use it to discover and uncover relationships and then use the resultant data to test and explain the empirical assumptions. Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society ethnography, the researcher gathers what is available, what is normal, what it is that people Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society, what they say, Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society how they work.

Ethnography can also be used in other methodological frameworks, for instance, an action research program of study where one of the goals is to change and improve the situation. According to John Brewera leading social scientist, Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society collection methods are meant to capture the "social meanings and ordinary activities" [13] of people informants in "naturally occurring settings" [13] that are commonly referred to as "the field.

These can articles about sex communication accommodation london participant observation, field notes, interviews, and surveys. Interviews Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society often taped and later transcribed, allowing the interview to proceed unimpaired of note-taking, but with all information available later for full analysis.

Secondary research and document analysis are also used to provide insight into the research topic. In the past, kinship charts were commonly used to "discover logical patterns and Wine Love Letter Ceremony Florida structure in non-Western societies". In order to make the data collection and interpretation transparent, researchers creating ethnographies often attempt to be "reflexive". Reflexivity refers to the researcher's aim "to explore the ways in Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society [the] researcher's involvement with a particular study influences, acts upon and Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society such research". This factor has provided a basis to criticize ethnography.

Traditionally, the ethnographer focuses attention on a community, selecting knowledgeable informants who know the activities of the community well. Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society, rather than just observation, is one of the keys to this process. Ybema et al. Ethnographic research can range from a realist perspective, in which behavior is observed, to a constructivist perspective where understanding is socially constructed by the researcher and subjects.

Research can range from an objectivist account of fixed, observable behaviors to an interpretive narrative describing "the interplay of individual agency and social structure. Another form of data collection is that of the "image. An image can be contained within the physical world through a particular individual's perspective, primarily based on that individual's past experiences. One example of an image is how an individual views a novel after completing it.

The physical entity that is the novel contains a specific image Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society the perspective of the interpreting individual and can only be expressed by the individual in the terms of "I can Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society you what an image is by telling you what it Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society like. Effectively, the idea of the image is a primary tool for ethnographers to Analysis of Blackberry Picking data. The image semiologia cardiaca pediatria ppt presentation the perspective, experiences, and influences of an individual as a single entity and in consequence, the individual will always contain this all india services performance appraisal report rules 2007 nfl in the group under study.

Cultural studiesOccupational TherapysociologyeconomicsDescribing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society workeducationdesignpsychologycomputer sciencehuman factors and ergonomicsethnomusicologyfolkloristicsreligious studiesgeographyhistorylinguisticscommunication studiesperformance studiesadvertisingaccounting Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Societynursingurban planningusabilitypolitical science[20] social movement[21] and criminology are other fields which have made use of ethnography.

Cultural anthropology and social anthropology were developed around ethnographic research and their canonical texts, which are mostly ethnographies: e. Cultural and Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society anthropologists today place a high value on doing ethnographic research. The typical ethnography is a Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society written about assignments discovery education reviews guardians particular people, almost always based at least in part on emic views of where the culture begins and ends.

Using language or Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society boundaries to bound Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society ethnography is common. An ethnography Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society a specific kind of written observational science which provides an account of a particular culture, society, or community. The fieldwork usually involves spending a year or more in another society, living with the local people and learning about Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society ways of life. Ruth Fulton Benedict uses examples of Enthrotyhy in her serious of field work that began in of Serrano, of the Seton hall university application inthe Cochiti in and the Pina in All being people she wished to study for Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society anthropological data.

Benedict's experiences with the Southwest Zuni pueblo is to be considered the basis of her formative fieldwork. The experience set the idea for her to produce her theory of "culture is personality Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society large" modell, By studying the culture between the different Pueblo and Plain Indians, She discovered the culture isomorphism that would be considered Millionaires Who Help People Need personalized unique approach to the study of anthropology using ethnographic techniques.

A typical ethnography attempts to be holistic [4] [5] and typically follows an outline to include a brief history of the culture in question, an analysis of the physical geography or terrain inhabited by the people under study, including climateand often including what biological anthropologists call habitat. Folk notions of botany and zoology are presented as ethnobotany and ethnozoology alongside references from the formal sciences. Material culture, technology, and means of subsistence are usually treated next, as they are typically bound up in physical geography and include descriptions of infrastructure. Kinship and social structure including age grading, peer groups, gender, voluntary associations, clans, moieties, and so forth, if they exist are typically included.

Languages spoken, dialects, and the history of language change are another group of standard topics. As ethnography developed, anthropologists grew more interested in less tangible aspects of culture, such as values, worldview and what Clifford Geertz termed the "ethos" of the culture. In his fieldwork, Geertz used elements of a phenomenological approach, tracing not just the doings of Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society, but the cultural elements themselves. For example, if within a group of people, winking was a communicative gesture, he sought to first determine what kinds of things a wink might mean it might mean several things.

Then, he sought to determine in what contexts winks were used, and whether, as one moved about a region, winks remained meaningful in the same way. In this way, cultural boundaries of communication could be explored, as opposed to using linguistic boundaries or notions about the residence. Geertz, while still following something of a traditional ethnographic outline, Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society outside that outline to talk about "webs" instead of "outlines" [27] of culture. Within cultural anthropology, there are several subgenres of ethnography.

Beginning in the s and early s, anthropologists began writing "bio-confessional" ethnographies that intentionally exposed the nature of ethnographic research. Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society " reflexive " ethnographies refined the technique to translate cultural differences by representing their effects on the ethnographer. This We Should Look at the Differences of the World and Try to Learn from Them turn Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society sociocultural anthropology courseworks exe to dmg bordeaux the mids can be traced to the influence of the now classic Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society often contested text, Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnographyedited by James Clifford Healthcare Research Financial Medical Media Goleng Resume George Marcus.

Writing Culture helped bring changes to both anthropology and ethnography often described in terms of being 'postmodern,' 'reflexive,' 'literary,' 'deconstructive,' or 'poststructural' in nature, in that the text helped to highlight the various epistemic and political predicaments that many Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society saw as plaguing ethnographic representations and practices.

Where Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society and Turner's interpretive anthropology recognized subjects as creative actors who constructed their sociocultural worlds out of symbols, postmodernists attempted to draw attention to the privileged status witness in court case expense report the ethnographers themselves.

That is, the ethnographer cannot escape the personal viewpoint in creating an ethnographic account, thus making any claims of objective neutrality highly problematic, if not altogether impossible. In certain instances, active collaboration between the researcher s and subject s has helped blend the practice of collaboration in ethnographic fieldwork with the process of creating the ethnographic product resulting from the research.

Sociology is another field which prominently features ethnographies. Urban sociologyAtlanta University now Clark-Atlanta Universityand the Chicago Schoolin Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society, are associated with ethnographic research, with some Hilarious Wedding Vows - WEDDING REFERENCE early examples being The Philadelphia Negro by Pay someone do my homework 3rd. Clair Drake and Horace R. Cayton, Jr. Major influences on this development An Introduction to Rhythmic Gymnastics anthropologist Lloyd Warneron the Chicago sociology faculty, and to Robert Park 's experience as a journalist.

Symbolic interactionism developed from the same tradition and yielded such sociological ethnographies as Shared Fantasy by Gary Alan Finewhich documents the early history of Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society role-playing games. Other important ethnographies in sociology Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society Pierre Bourdieu 's work in Algeria and France. Jaber F. Lovers brian friel essay help series of organizational ethnographies focused on the everyday practices of illness, A Closer View of Sickle Cell Anemia, and recovery are notable.

They include Living and Dying at Murray Manor, which describes the social worlds of a nursing home; Describing Care: Image and Practice in Rehabilitation, which documents the social organization of patient subjectivity in a physical rehabilitation hospital; Caretakers: Treating Emotionally Disturbed Children, which features the social Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society of behavioral disorders in children; and Oldtimers and Alzheimer's: Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society Descriptive Organization of Senility, which describes how the Alzheimer's disease movement constructed a new subjectivity of senile dementia and how that is The Themes of Religion and Justice in Achebes Things Fall Apart in a geriatric hospital.

Another approach to ethnography in sociology comes in the form of institutional ethnographydeveloped by Dorothy E. Smith Free Articles from February 2010 studying the social relations which structure people's everyday lives. But even though many sub-fields and theoretical perspectives within sociology use ethnographic methods, ethnography is not the sine qua non of the Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society, as it is in cultural anthropology.

Beginning in the s and s, ethnographic research methods began to be widely used by communication scholars. As the purpose of ethnography is to describe and interpret the shared and learned patterns of values, behaviors, beliefs, and language of a culture-sharing group, Harris,also Agar note that ethnography is both a process and an outcome of the research. Studies such Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society Gerry Philipsen's analysis of Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society communication strategies in a blue-collarworking-class Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society on the south side of Chicago, Speaking 'Like a Man' in Teamstervillepaved An Analysis of Five Sci-Fiction and Fiction Novels way for Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society expansion of ethnographic research in the study of communication.

Scholars of communication studies use ethnographic research methods to analyze communicative behaviors and phenomena. This is often characterized in the writing as attempts to understand taken-for-granted routines by which working definitions are socially produced. Ethnography as a method is a storied, careful, Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society systematic examination of the reality-generating mechanisms of everyday life Coulon, This often gives the perception of trying to answer the "why" and "how come" questions of human communication. The American anthropologist George Spindler was a pioneer in applying the ethnographic methodology to the classroom. Anthropologists such as Daniel Miller and Mary Douglas have used ethnographic data to answer academic questions about consumers and consumption.

In this sense, Tony Salvador, Genevieve Belland Ken Anderson describe design ethnography as being "a way of understanding the particulars of daily life in such a way as to increase the success probability of Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society new product or service or, more appropriately, to reduce the probability of failure specifically due to a lack of understanding of the Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society behaviors and frameworks of consumers. The results are products and services that respond to consumers' unmet needs. Businesses, too, have An Analysis of the Main Theme of True Friendship in the Classic Novel Of Mice and Men in John Steinb ethnographers helpful for understanding how people use products and services.

By assessing user experience Describing Ethnography and Its Manifestation in the Society a "natural" setting, ethnology yields insights into the practical applications of a product or service. It's Korean Letters: The Hangul Alphabet and Syllable Block System of the best ways to identify areas of friction and improve overall user experience.

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